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In order to receive its full fiscal year allocation of Formula Grants program funds under the JJDPA, a state must first demonstrate compliance with the DSO, jail removal, separation, and DMC core requirements. Compliance with the first three core requirements is demonstrated through data provided in the state's annual Compliance Monitoring Report. Compliance with the DMC Core Requirements is determined by information provided in the state's comprehensive Three-Year Plan and subsequent Three-Year Plan Updates. Full compliance with each core requirement is achieved when:
Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO): a state has removed 100 percent of status offenders and non-offenders from secure detention correctional facilities.
Jail Removal: a state demonstrates that the last submitted monitoring report, covering 12 months of actual data, demonstrates that no juveniles were held in adult jails or lock-ups in circumstances that were in violation of the core protection.
Sight and Sound Separation: a state can demonstrate that (a) the last submitted monitoring report, covering a full 12 months of data, demonstrates that no juveniles were incarcerated in circumstances that were in violation of this requirement; or (b) the instances of noncompliance reported in the last submitted monitoring report do not indicate a pattern or practice but rather constitute isolated instances.
Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC: a state can demonstrate progress made each year in addressing specific delinquency prevention and system improvement efforts to reduce the rate of contact with the juvenile justice system of a specific minority group, if that rate is significantly greater than the rate of contact for whites or other minority groups.
OJJDP has developed de minimis standards for states that have not achieved full compliance with the DSO and jail removal requirements. See the OJJDP Guidance Manual for Monitoring Facilities under the JJDPA of 2002 for further details.