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Title II is authorized by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA). Title II supports innovative state efforts to adhere to standards that reduce the risk of harm to court-involved youth, ensure fair treatment of minority youth and improve the way systems address delinquent behavior.
Title II Success around the Country:
Hawaii: To decrease the unnecessary use costly use of locked detention, HI partnered with the Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI) of the Annie E. Casey Foundation. As a result, they have reduced annual admissions to secure detention by 18.6%, decreased admissions to secure detention for youth of color by 10%, and decreased commitments to Hawaii’s youth prison by 11% from 2009 to 2010.
Maryland: To decrease the use of locked detention, and reduce the number of minority youth who are locked up, MD funded two Evening Reporting Centers (ERC’s) in Baltimore City and Prince George’s County, at a cost-savings of $360 a day. Of the 381 youth served in FY2010, only 10% were re-referred to court.
Tennessee: To reduce the number of youth referred to the courts for school-based misconduct and nonviolent offenses, TN funded the School House Adjustment Program Enterprise (SHAPE), which has reduced the number of youth transferred to juvenile court by 39% in two years.
Pennsylvania: To ensure that youth are not unlawfully being held in secure facilities, including adult jails and lockups, PA utilizes 20% of their Title II funds to support the Police Liaison Project, which funds three part-time Police Liaisons (former police chiefs) who audit and provide technical assistance to the 1,217 police lock-ups across the state; and the Secure Detention Monitor project, which audits and provides technical assistance to Pennsylvania’s 18 juvenile detention centers, 18 youth training schools and 65 court holding facilities.
Michigan: To reduce the number of minority youth who penetrate the juvenile justice system, MI funded two county-based court diversion programs. Of the 91 youth and families who enrolled in Kent County’s “School-to-Progressions” program, 87% did not re-offend. Of the 302 youth and families who enrolled in Wayne County’s “Correct Course” program, 84% did not have a new conviction within one year following completion.
Utah: To provide police with an alternative to detention when they encounter a youth who has committed a minor offense, UT funds the Unitah Basin Youth Services Center, which also immediately connects youth and families to supportive services. Of the 642 youth served during the grant period, only 3% re-offended, and 84% of youth surveyed showed an increase in positive behavior.
Washington: To reduce the number of status offenders detained in violation of the JJDPA, WA funds the Spokane DSO Project, which works primarily with truant youth in the West Valley School District. During the first two years, only 9% of youth were detained (compared to 19% in the prior two years). For the Benton-Franklin Counties Truancy Contempt Prevention Project, only 5% of youth were placed in secure detention.